How does a motherboard work
Motherboard represents the main circuit board inside your computer. Different types of control through which peripheral devices like hard drive, keyboard, and monitor. In addition to controlling these devices motherboard accommodates connectors for attaching more peripherals or expansion slots for your PC. Motherboard can be defined as a area where a number of activities takes place and hence it is important to understand different technical terms associated with it.
1. AGP: – Accelerated graphics port refers to an expansion slot. It is considered as a successor to PCI and meant to speed up data transfers related to video cards. Newer computers are known to use more flexible and faster types of these slots for video cards.
2. Device driver: – It refers to software that facilitates easy access to a small hardware.
3. Display Adapter: – It is a hardware that is responsible for displaying images on monitor. The term can however be applied to both integrated graphics and video cards.
4. Connector header: – It refers to a series of metal pins that is present on a motherboard. It is used to connect cable with switches, indicator lights and other devices on your computer.
5. Jumper: – It refers to a small electronic “interconnect” or a small block that can be used to select, enable or disable operating parameters present on your motherboard.
6. BIOS: – It refers to built-in software in your computer that is capable of determining what it can do without accessing appropriate programs from the disk. BIOS are equipped with necessary codes that can be used to control display screen, keyboard, serial communications, disk drives and others.
7. Cable set: – It includes one or more interface cables. In the case of motherboards, these sets include cables for hard drive, floppy drive, and CD-ROM drive.
8. Chipset: – It refers to integrated circuits that control the interfaces between the RAM, system processor, adapter cards, and I/O devices.
9. Processor slot/socket: – It is here the system processor is mounted on your computer.
10. ISA: – It is the acronym for Industry Standard Architecture. It is a slow speed interface that can be used for modems and sound cards. It generally runs at 8MHz.
11. USB: – It is the acronym for Universal Serial Bus. It is a medium speed interface that is used for keyboards, mice, display panels, scanners, and digital cameras.
12. SCSI: – It refers to Small Computer System Interface. It acts as an interface between SCSI controller and internal or external SCSI device.
13. VGA: – It Stands for Video Graphics Adapter. It is the interface between integrated video connector or video card and display monitor.
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